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tv   Newsline  NHK World  July 15, 2014 3:00am-3:31am JST

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hello and welcome to nhk world "newsline." i'm raja pradhan with the news from tokyo. pyongyang has fired about 100 rockets near the inter-korean border toward the sea of japan. the launch is seen by seoul as an escalation of provocations after a series of similar tests. north korea fired two ballistic missiles on sunday. south korean military officials say the rockets were launched from the east coast near the demarcation line. they say the projectiles traveled up to 50 kilometers and they fell into north korean
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waters near a maritime border with the south. the officials say north korea has launched scud-type ballistic missiles towards the sea of japan twice this month. government officials say the action may be to protest upcoming joint military drills between south korea, japan, and the united states. the israeli government has reportedly decided against carrying out ground operations in northern gaza. but troops remain at the border waiting for an order to launch an attack. israeli media report that the country's national security ministers made the decision at a meeting on sunday. in a related development, the israeli government has raised the number of its authorized reserves by 8,000 to a total of 48,000. the troops have warned people living in northern gaza to evacuate their homes to avoid air strikes that will target the area. according to the united nations, about 17,000 palestinians have fled their homes as of monday. they've taken shelter in schools
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and other evacuation centers. >> translator: i'm scared for my school and home to be attacked. where can i sleep safely? >> translator: we worry we'll get hurt by the bombing. >> northern gaza is thought to be the launching point of rockets fired into israeli the islamic fundamentalist group hamas. japan's prime minister shinzo abe says if conditions for the use of force are met, the country could use minesweeping to protect its interests. abe attended the first diet session since his cabinet approved a reinterpretation of the constitution. this will enable japan to exercise the right to collective self-defense. the vice president of the governing liberal democratic party questioned abe about minesweeping operations. komura asked if they would be
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allowed in the case of an armed attack in sea lanes vital to japan. >> translator: the hormuz strait in the persian gulf is an extremely important transport route from the standpoint of japan's energy security. conflicting mines in the region would amount to a considerable energy and economic crisis for japan. the situation would pose a clear threat to japan's survival and its people's lives, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. >> abe's cabinet set three conditions for the use of force in self-defense on july 1st. the first is if an attack poses a clear danger to japan's existence. the second is if there is no other means to deter an attack. and finally, if the use of force is minimized. the main opposition democratic party said applying the new rules to the japan-u.s. alliance will be the same as setting no
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limits. he said it's like giving the cabinet a free hand, something the diet cannot condone. >> translator: the japan-u.s. alliance is crucially important, and emergencies within the scope of the treaty will likely meet the new conditions. however, the criteria are not met automatically. the government will assess the international developments of each case and consider the possibility of it developing into a problem for japan. >> abe added that the self-defense forces will be mobilized only after gaining approval from the diet. demonstrators gathered outside the diet building to protest the government's decision on the right to collective self-defense. organizers say about 1,000 people participated in the demonstration.
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>> translator: the debate was insufficient, both in terms of time and substance. >> translator: the government should ask people to vote on the future of the self-defense forces. >> protesters are asking the government to reverse its decision on reinterpreting the japanese constitution. an nhk poll shows support for abe's cabinet has dropped to 47%. that's the lowest since he took office in 2012. nhk conducted a phone survey this past weekend. more than 900 people responded. 47% said they approve abe's cabinet. that's down five percentage points from last month's poll. the disapproval rating went up by six points to 38%. people were asked whether they support the cabinet's decision to enable the country to exercise its rights to collective self-defense. 10% said strongly. 28% said somewhat. 30% said not much.
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and 26% said they don't support it at all. the survey asked if the discussion held over the issue was thorough. 9% said yes, 59% said no. respondents were also asked if they understood the cabinet's explanation about japan needing to engage in collective self-defense because of the changing security situation in the region. 42% said they understood. 51% said they did not. survey after survey has suggested a number of japanese voters disapprove of prime minister abe's security policies and how he's putting them in place. nhk world's mayuko ambe tells us why. >> opposition lawmakers and even members of abe's coalition partner, new komeito, were cautious about this change, but the prime minister pushed new komeito to speed up the
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decision-making process. he wanted to include the revision in the japan/u.s. defense guidelines set to be updated by the end of this year. voters have seen the prime minister rush before. last december, he cut off debate on the secrecy law that gives the government authority to designate official information as state secrets. some had argued the legislation would give government officials the power to hide information. some are concerned that having the ability to defend an ally under attack is a slippery slope. the majority surveyed in our poll said they're not convinced the government would be able to limit the use of force once it started using it. cabinet members decided the right to collective self-defense could be used when three requirements are met, when there are clear dangers that japan's existence is threatened, the rights of its citizens will be fundamentally overturned, and when there is no other appropriate means to repel an attack. the leader of the opposition pressed the prime minister on monday to be clear.
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>> translator: how would a case of a country close to japan coming under attack leads to clear dangers that japan's existence is threatened and the rights of its citizens are fundamentally overturned? >> translator: we can certainly imagine a case in which an armed attack could occur near japan and extend to our country unless we stopped it immediately. >> diet members must revise more than ten related laws before the cabinet decision can go into effect. members of the ruling coalition say they need to thoroughly discuss everything as one package. so they're considering doing that during the longer session of the diet, which starts in january. but some say abe is hoping that if he lets enough time pass criticism will die down. afghans are sighing with relief.
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over the weekend the two rival contenders in last month's presidential run-off election agreed to hold a full ballot audit under united nations supervision. drah dhirakaosal in bangkok is following the story. >> with u.s. mediation, the candidates also agreed to form a government of national unity after the audit. on monday, exactly one month since the vote, hopes grew in the capital, kabul, that the post-election chaos would subside. nhk world's masaki suda has details. >> reporter: before the deal, afghans had feared the turmoil could escalate into conflicts between ethnic groups and such hostilities might affect the plan to withdraw the forces from afghanistan by the end of the year. >> translator: we want a stable afghanistan. this agreement is really important. this will stop crisis, fighting, destruction of the country, and instability.
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we're happy. >> translator: the ongoing crisis between two candidates has had a negative impact on our economy. we're happy that they've reached an agreement with the mediation of john kerry. >> reporter: the two contenders are former foreign minister abdullah abdullah and former finance minister ashraf ghani. preliminary results put ghani ahead of abdullah, but abdullah dismissed the outcome, raising allegations of massive fraud. he even flaunted the possibility of establishing a parallel government. the situation prompted u.s. secretary of state john kerry to step in. he brokered an agreement between both camps on saturday to recount all of the roughly 8 million ballots cast in the election. both contenders also concurred that the winner will cooperate with the other to set up a national unity government.
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>> so the government of national unity will provide assurance that we will work together. we have agreed on the general framework and we will work out the details in a spirit of mutual trust and cooperation. >> today we are happy to announce that, due to two sets of agreements between both candidates, with serious efforts. >> reporter: the election commission said on sunday it intends to finish auditing all votes from 23,000 polling stations in at least three weeks. but some people are concerned about whether the recount will proceed smoothly. >> translator: people who engineered the fraudulent votes did it very professionally. therefore, i doubt this audit will help to differentiate the clean votes from fraudulent votes. >> reporter: the nation seems to have averted the worst-case scenario where a sharp rift between the two blocs might be a
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prelude to a civil war. however, the deep gulf might threaten the process of creating a genuinely unified government. masaki suda, nhk world, kabul. thousands of filipinos were born to japanese fathers who migrated to the philippines before world war ii. many of these bicultural children were left behind in the philippines during the chaos after the war. more than 1,000 are believed to be still alive. most have been unable to obtain japanese citizenship, and their time is running out. nhk world's yoshito kuwabara reports. ♪ >> reporter: this woman is now 79 years old. she speaks very little japanese. but almost every day she sings a song her father taught her when
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she was a child. her father was killed in an air raid during the war. she fled deep into the mountains with her family, but there was little too eat. her four siblings all starved to death. she is the only survivor. she later married a filipino man and kept her background secret for more than 40 years because of deep anti-japanese sentiment in the philippines. six years ago, she applied for japanese citizenship, but her application was rejected because there was not enough evidence to prove her relationship with her father. this is her national identity certificate. her nationality is received as stateless. neither japan nor the philippines recognize her nationality because she can't prove who her father was.
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>> translator: it makes me really sad. i have my father's japanese blood. why don't they believe me? i'm not lying. >> reporter: but some people are trying to help. the philippine legal support center is an npo dedicated to the cause. the group has been active for ten years. members of the group say they fight-finding surveys are growing more difficult year by year, as the half-japanese children grow older. >> translator: we've very little time left to help these people meet their relatives and get nationality while they're still alive.
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>> reporter: the group wants a new probe this spring. government forces and islamist militants have been battling for control in this area for over four decades. but a peace agreement struck in march made the first-ever full-fledged survey possible. the survey uncovered this man. he said his father came here from the japanese city nagasaki before the war and worked as a fisherman. but he was sent to a concentration camp during the war and was eventually deported back to japan. he had to work to finish elementary school. he later became a watch repairman and raised three children. he has dreamed of reuniting with his father all his life.
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>> translator: my father disappeared from us all of a sudden. i want to see him. i cannot forget the days we spent together. i don't know how much longer i can live. before i become immobile, i want to visit japan and pay respect to my father's grave. >> reporter: nearly 70 years after the end of the world war ii, the battle for adults left behind in philippines is still not over. yoshito kuwabara, nhk world, mindanao. >> and that wraps up our bulletin. i'm dhra dhirakaosal in bangkok. emerging economic powers still struggling with poverty. emboldened citizens still demanding democracy.
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the threat of violence, the push for peace, the shadow of conflict. get news and insight on south and southeast asia every weekday live from bangkok only on nhk world "newsline." chinese and south korean officials have resumed free trade talks. their top leaders have already agreed to hammer out a deal by the end of the year. the 12th round of negotiations began in daegu, south korea. the two sides plan to meet for five days. the delegates are discussing which products should be suggest to tariff removal. earlier this month, chinese president xi jinping and south korean president park geun-hye agreed to speed up the talks. they've been holding separate free trade talks, but they still haven't worked out a negotiating framework. analysts say china and south korea may try to press ahead with the bilateral talks while the negotiations among the three countries make little progress. japan's biggest business organization is urging its
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member companies to appoint more women as managers. the japan business federation plans to ask about 1300 members to draw up action plans. they have posted on their website the steps that 47 of its members have already taken. those companies include toyota motor. the automaker is trying to triple the number of women in management positions by 2020. they intend to list up the members' plans on its home page in december. as part of its growth strategy, the government is trying to have women account for about 30% of corporate managers by 2020. an official says increasing female managers will help sharpen the competitive edge of japanese companies amid the country's dwindling population. billions of soccer fans around the world tuned in to watch the world cup in brazil. some of them here in tokyo were disappointed that asian teams,
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including japan, didn't do well. nhk world's takafumi terui spoke with an expert of japanese football who knows what's needed for japan's squad to join the circle of the world's strongest teams. >> sean carroll is based in tokyo. he writes articles about soccer for various magazines, and he says he predicted germany's win when they qualified for the quarterfinals. >> if you play germany, it's incredibly difficult as to which player you try to mark out of the game. if you try to close down one, they have others. there's so many different players. the players are capable of filling into each other's positions because they've played together for so long. they almost have a telepathic, if you like, understanding of where to go and how to sit so the team is always well balanced and organized. japan, i think, they didn't really have the belief or the mental strength in the group to get through.
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they kept talking about, we want to play our own style of football. they kept talking about this. once they realized in the first game the ivory coast were preventing them playing their own football, they didn't really know what to do. they looked a bit nervous, a bit intimidated, and pretty much from the point when he came on, players got nervous. they conceded twice. from that point on, you never really felt like japan were going to get the wins they needed to get through the group. japan is better than ivory coast and greece in many ways. but once they get out on the pitch, they have to believe that and they have to not be intimidated by the situation, by the environment, by being in the world cup. yeah, they need to develop different ways with of playing. we saw it against greece. japan kept playing the same way, same way. greece never really looked threatened. they never looked like they were going to concede, even though they only had ten players.
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japan didn't really seem to have any other ideas. so whoever the new coach is needs to give them that mental strength, that belief, and they need to give them at least a plan b if not a plan c as well. >> throughout the games, what impressed carroll the most were the many unexpected outcomes of the matches. >> people like to see a surprise or two. i think that was why people liked it. it wasn't just one lucky win here. there were three or four or five countries that really made it difficult for the big teams. and that makes it fun to watch. it's never nice watching any sport, especially football, i think, when it's obvious this team is going to win and this team is weaker. so i think that, for me, was the most enjoyable aspect, that these weaker nations went out on the pitch, took their opportunity, and they really fought, really battled until the end of the game. if the other team was going to beat them, they made sure they had to work hard to win.
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they didn't just surrender and give in because they were a weaker team. >> even though the performances from asian teams were not good this time, carroll thinks that it makes for a good experience for future matches. takafumi terui, nhk world, tokyo. some north american sake fans are trying to encourage more people to try a sip. they're stirring up excitement with the public and they're shaking up how the traditional japanese brew is served. nhk world's erina aoyama has the story. >> reporter: sake, the alcoholic beverage made from rice, has been in japan for centuries. but the popularity of sake in the united states and canada is a recent phenomenon. this modern american restaurant
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in san francisco pairs not only wines but also sake with its dishes. they offer sake with grilled beef and leafy greens, pairings that may appear daring to many. sommelier mark bright fell in love with sake on his first trip to japan eight years ago. he was impressed by the versatility it offered for food pairings. >> one of the best thing about sake is its commonality in flavors and its ability to pair with so many foods. sake is an extremely complex beverage. >> reporter: bright offers experimental pairings to his patrons. >> it brings out the coconut from the sauce. that's good. >> reporter: bright is working with japanese breweries to bring
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his own line of sake to the u.s. all bottles will have english labels to be more accessible to americans. >> i think that the average knowledge about sake is very poor in the united states. i think there's a lot of education to be done. >> reporter: in the united states, sake imports have doubled in the past ten years. yet, these imports make up only 20% of sake sold in the u.s. most domestically produced sake is made in large factories. the variety of sake available remains narrow. some are trying to change that. ken valvur started to enjoy sake while living in japan as a banker. after he left the banking world, he became involved in importing sake to canada, but something was missing. >> as all of our sake and other imported alcoholic beverages
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come into room temperature, ambient warehouses, you can't import. >> reporter: namazake, or raw sake, is unpasteurized and must be refrigerated. there was not an adequate storage system for it in canada. valvur wanted all canadians to be able to taste the rich flavor of this sake, so three years ago he opened his brewery in toronto. he began by bringing sake-making equipment from japan and invited a master brewer called a toji from an established japanese brewery to train his staff. luckily, canada has plenty of one indispensable ingredient for sake, its pristine water. now the brewery is selling all the sake it can produce. this year they will produce 40,000 bottles. >> we want to make sake that even among japanese standards, high japanese standards, would
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be considered good sake. >> reporter: loyal sake fans in north america are increasing. they're now hoping more people will enjoy the unique pairing of sake and western flavors. and perhaps one day foreign sake will make it to the japanese market. erina aoyama, nhk world. and next, here's the three-day outlook on the weather around the globe.
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and that wraps up this edition of "newsline." i'm raja pradhan in tokyo. we'll be back at the top of the hour. thanks for joining us on nhk world.
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>> tokyo, an asian city with the largest metropolitan population in the world. the boundaries between old japan and futuristic japan are blurred in this metropolis. the food here is a fusion of cuisine, not just from around asia but around the globe. in this program, a tokyo wife and homemaker rika yukimasa demonstrates current trends from her kitchen near t b
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